The Red Fort I – Overview

Lal Qila - Delhi

The Red Fort a.k.a. Lal Qila, Old Delhi, Source – Flickr / Masiej Dakowicz

Overview

  • Constructed in 17th century
  • Constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Source – Wikipedia, Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. Manuscript Douce Or. a.1

  • Located in the  walled city of Old Delhi
  • It served as a residence for Mughal Emperors
  • The design is commonly credited to Ustad Ahmed Lahauri
  • The fort was a palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s capital, Shahjahanabad (Now called Old Delhi)

Shahjahanabad, Source – wiki.fibis.com

  • Served as a capital for Mughals until 1857, when Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian Government
  • The fort is located along the Yamuna River, which fed the moat (deep water trench around the castle) which surrounds most of the wall
  • The construction of the Red fort began in 13th May 1638 and was completed  in 16th April 1648
  • Many constructions were then added after the final Completion
  • The significant developments were under Aurangzeb
  • Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007
  • The fort occupies 21 towers of which 14 are round and 7 are octagonal
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