Madan Lal Dhingra was born in 1887 at Amritsar. His father was a medical practitioner and his brother was a barrister. There was a tradition of loyalty for the British Government in thier family. After graduating in year 1906, Madan Lal went to England to pursue higher education in Engineering. Her he was extremely encouraged by the brave deeds of Bengali revolutionary Khudiram Bose and Kanailal Dutt. Here he also met Vinayak Savarkar who had by now established ‘India House’ – and insitution of Freedom Fighters in London.
Sir William Curzon Wylie patronised a group of Indian students studying in Britain which worked against India’s Freedom. With Savarkar’s help Madan Lal Dhingra acquired a revolver and a Belgian Pistol. He regularly practised shooting and kept a note of his performance in a diary. On July 1, 1909 Madan Lal Dhingra shot dead Sir William Curzon Wylie and Kwis Lal Kaka at the annual meeting of Indian National Association beign held at Jehangir House, Imperial Institute of London. It was a strange coincidence that Mr. Kitchlu who already knew Madan Lal Dhingra was present in the same building.
Madan Lal made no effort to cover up what he had done and owned full responsibility for his deed. When he was sentenced death, he said
“Thank you, my Lord, I feel proud that my humble self has been of some use to my country. What else can a poor and ignorant son like me could offer to his motherland except his blood. Therefore, I have made this sacrifice at her altar”.
Earlier, during the prosecution he had said,
“At this hour India needs to learn only one lesson. That is to lay down one’s life and the only way to teach this lesson is to sacrifice one’s own life.”
Madan Lal was hanged on August 17,1909.